THE SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT THEORY & THE CLASSICAL ORGANIZATIONAL THEORY
THE SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT THEORY
Scientific Management Theory was developed in the early 20th century by Fredrick W. Taylor. Scientific management theory is important because its approach to management is found in almost every industrial business operation across the world. Its influence is also felt in general business practices such as planning process, design, quality control, cost accounting and economics. Managers also use quantitative analysis and examination of number and other measurable data in management to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of business operation.
The founding father of scientific management theory Fredrick W. Taylor (1856-1915) was an American inventor and engineer. His most important works were shop management (1905) and the principle of scientific management.
The husband and wife team of frank Gilberth Sr. and Lilian Moller Gilberth also contributed to the theory.