AGRICULTURE AND FOOD SECURITY FOR COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
This paper is focused on Agriculture and food security for community Development (CD), recalling that Agriculture has been a common practice of cultivation of food crops and rearing of livestock, marketing, processing and packaging of these for man’s use. secondly, that Agricultural production before the discovery of crude oil, was the most important and viable sector of the Nigerian economy, as it provided the required basic needs such as food, shelter, employment, income, foreign exchange, raw materials of the industries and so no. with the advent of oil boom in he 70s, crude oil products became the major source of revenue to the economy, and agricultural activities were relegated to the background, especially the rural-urban migration that made the able bodied young men and women to move to the urban centres in search of white collar jobs, leaving the aged men and women behind to till the soil and reduced the agricultural production output of the nation, which affected the GDP. The recent drop in oil price in world market compounded the issue to what is today known as “global food crises and global economic melt down”. The paper itemized the role of Agriculture in Nation building, issues on food security, past and current programmes and polices of food security, challenges of the Nigeria, conclusion and recommendations.